Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

Traumatic brain injuries affect a person’s cognitive, physical, and emotional aspects, depending on what area(s) of the brain were affected.

Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury that Affects Cognitive Brain Functioning

  • slowed ability to process information
  • short term memory loss and/or long term memory loss
  • spatial disorientation
  • organizational problems and impaired judgment
  • trouble concentrating or paying attention for periods of time
  • difficulty keeping up with a conversation; other communication difficulties such as word finding problems
  • unable to do more than one thing at a time

Physical Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

  • pain
  • seizures of all types
  • muscle spasticity
  • headaches or migraines
  • double vision or low vision, even blindness
  • balance problems
  • loss of smell or taste
  • speech impairments such as slow or slurred speech
  • fatigue, increased need for sleep

Emotional Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

  • a lack of initiating activities, or once started, difficulty in completing tasks without reminders
  • increased anxiety
  • impulsive behavior
  • depression and mood swings
  • denial of deficits
  • more easily agitated
  • egocentric behaviors – difficulty seeing how behaviors can affect others

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